Schlagworte: AAAI Spring Symposia

From Co-Robots to Care Robots

The paper „Co-Robots as Care Robots“ by Oliver Bendel, Alina Gasser and Joel Siebenmann, accepted at the AAAI 2020 Spring Symposium „Applied AI in Healthcare: Safety, Community, and the Environment“, can be accessed via arxiv.org/abs/2004.04374. From the abstract: „Cooperation and collaboration robots, co-robots or cobots for short, are an integral part of factories. For example, they work closely with the fitters in the automotive sector, and everyone does what they do best. However, the novel robots are not only relevant in production and logistics, but also in the service sector, especially where proximity between them and the users is desired or unavoidable. For decades, individual solutions of a very different kind have been developed in care. Now experts are increasingly relying on co-robots and teaching them the special tasks that are involved in care or therapy. This article presents the advantages, but also the disadvantages of co-robots in care and support, and provides information with regard to human-robot interaction and communication. The article is based on a model that has already been tested in various nursing and retirement homes, namely Lio from F&P Robotics, and uses results from accompanying studies. The authors can show that co-robots are ideal for care and support in many ways. Of course, it is also important to consider a few points in order to guarantee functionality and acceptance.“ Due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the physical meeting to be held at Stanford University was postponed. It will take place in November 2020 in Washington (AAAI 2020 Fall Symposium Series).

Care Robots with Sexual Assistance Functions?

The paper „Care Robots with Sexual Assistance Functions“ by Oliver Bendel was accepted at the AAAI 2020 Spring Symposia. From the abstract: „Residents in retirement and nursing homes have sexual needs just like other people. However, the semi-public situation makes it difficult for them to satisfy these existential concerns. In addition, they may not be able to meet a suitable partner or find it difficult to have a relationship for mental or physical reasons. People who live or are cared for at home can also be affected by this problem. Perhaps they can host someone more easily and discreetly than the residents of a health facility, but some elderly and disabled people may be restricted in some ways. This article examines the opportunities and risks that arise with regard to care robots with sexual assistance functions. First of all, it deals with sexual well-being. Then it presents robotic systems ranging from sex robots to care robots. Finally, the focus is on care robots, with the author exploring technical and design issues. A brief ethical discussion completes the article. The result is that care robots with sexual assistance functions could be an enrichment of the everyday life of people in need of care, but that we also have to consider some technical, design and moral aspects.“ The paper had been submitted to the symposium „Applied AI in Healthcare: Safety, Community, and the Environment“. Oliver Bendel will present the paper at Stanford University between 23 and 25 March 2020.

Fig.: Should care robots have sexual assistance functions?

Technical Reports von „AI for Social Good“

Die Technical Reports des Symposiums „AI for Social Good“ sind erschienen. Dieses fand innerhalb der AAAI Spring Symposia (27. bis 29. März 2017) an der Stanford University statt. Organisiert wurde es von Amulya Yadav (University of Southern California, CA, USA) und Fei Fang (Harvard University). Die veröffentlichten Papers zeigen das enorme Spektrum der Veranstaltung auf. Oliver Bendel ist mit „LADYBIRD: The Animal-Friendly Robot Vacuum Cleaner“ sowie „Towards Kant Machines“ (zusammen mit Kevin Schwegler und Bradley Richards) vertreten, Malay Bhattacharyya mit „In Search of Health Doubles“, Sujoy Chatterjee (mit Anirban Mukhopadhyay und Malay Bhattacharyya) mit „Smart City Planning with Constrained Crowd Judgment Analysis“, Arnaud Delaunay (zusammen mit Jean Guérin) mit „Wandering Detection Within an Embedded System for Alzheimer Suffering Patients“ und Virginia Dignum (zusammen mit Frank Dignum) mit „Societal Challenges Need Social Agents“. Virginia Dignum konnte während des Symposiums die frohe Botschaft überbringen, dass die andere große Wissenschaftsvereinigung auf technischem Gebiet, das Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), sich in seinen Leitlinien „Ethically Aligned Design“ zu Robotik und KI zukünftig nicht nur den Menschen, sondern auch den Tieren widmen wird. Dies hatte Oliver Bendel in einer Stellungnahme gegenüber den Verantwortlichen vorgeschlagen. Die Technical Reports des Symposiums sind über www.aaai.org/Library/Symposia/Spring/ss17-01.php verfügbar.

AI for Social Good III

Weiter ging es mit dem AAAI Spring Symposium „AI for Social Good“ am 27. März 2017 um 14.00 Uhr mit der Talk Session 1 („Healtcare“). Den Session Chair hatte Eric Horvitz (Technical Fellow & Managing Director, Microsoft Research) inne. Er führte aus technisch-mathematischer Perspektive in die Thematik ein. Lanbo She (Michigan State University) begann mit „Teaching and Checking of Constraints for Surgical Tray Layout“. Er schlug einen Agenten vor, der beim korrekten Zusammenstellen der Operationsinstrumente für unterschiedliche Situationen hilft. Co-Autor des Papers war Jonathan Connell (IBM T. J. Watson Research). Sujoy Chatterjee referierte anstelle von Malay Bhattacharya (Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata) über „In Search of Health Doubles“. Nach ihrem Ansatz sollte man weltweit Personen identifizieren können, die in ihren biologischen Eigenschaften zu anderen Personen passen, denen damit geholfen werden kann. Arnaud Delaunay (LinkValue) ging in „Wandering Detection Within an Embedded System for Alzheimer Suffering Patients“ auf einen innovativen Ansatz für Alzheimer-Patienten ein, die mit einer Smartwatch ausgestattet und überwacht werden. Co-Autor des Papers war Jean Guerin. Der Vortrag von Yevgeniy Vorobeychik (Vanderbilt University) – das Paper wurde zusammen mit Bo Li, Muqun Li und Bradley Malin geschrieben – trug den Titel „Sanitizing Large-Scale Medical Records Before Publishing“ und stellte eine iterative Methode für „sanitizing data at scale“ vor.

Simple Moral Machines

Vom 21. bis zum 23. März 2016 findet an der Stanford University der Workshop „Ethical and Moral Considerations in Non-Human Agents“ statt, im Rahmen der AAAI Spring Symposia. Keynote-Speaker sind Ron Arkin (Georgia Institute of Technology), Maja Matarić (University of Southern California) und Luis Moriz Pereira (Universidade Nova de Lisboa). Organisiert wird der Workshop von Bipin Indurkhya (Jagiellonian University, Krakau) und Georgi Stojanov (The American University of Paris). Im Programmkomitee sitzen u.a. Peter Asaro (The New School, New York) und Patrick Lin (California Polytechnic State University). Einen der wissenschaftlichen Vorträge wird Oliver Bendel (Hochschule für Wirtschaft FHNW, Basel, Olten und Brugg-Windisch) halten. Aus dem Abstract von „Annotated Decision Trees for Simple Moral Machines“: „This article proposes an approach for creating annotated decision trees, and specifies their central components. The focus is on simple moral machines. The chances of such models are illustrated with the example of a self-driving car that is friendly to humans and animals. Finally the advantages and disadvantages are discussed and conclusions are drawn.“ Weitere Informationen über sites.google.com/site/ethicalnonhumanagents/.

policecar

Abb.: Ein als Polizeiwagen getarntes Roboterauto